Cardiovascular exercise raises your heart rate while you’re moving and improves heart and circulatory functions. You can walk briskly outdoors or work out on cardio machines at a gym.
You can also do many other activities such as aerobics, swimming, jogging, cycling, stepping or dancing. All types of cardiovascular fitness will improve your health.
Your heart gets a workout during cardio workouts. Through this activity, the heart itself is strengthened and becomes a more efficient muscle, making blood circulation is improved.
Arteries become more elastic and efficient, and the number of capillaries available to deliver blood to the body is increased. Bad cholesterol levels decrease and good cholesterol increases.
Blood pressure is reduced and the risk of blood clots is also reduced. Your body burns more calories during workouts.
This boosts your metabolism and helps you burn fat more effectively. Exercise causes your body to burn calories at a higher rate up to 48 hours after you stop exercising.
Cardiovascular fitness can help you lose weight or better maintain a healthy weight. Your body produces endorphins as you workout.
Endorphins are natural chemicals that make you feel good. Cardio workouts can reduce depression and anxiety through endorphin release and may help keep these negative emotions from coming back.
Cardio exercise reduces blood sugar levels. A program of regular and consistent fitness can improve the way your body utilizes insulin to control glucose levels.
This can help you better manage diabetes. Measure your blood glucose levels before, during and after workouts to see how different kinds of cardiovascular fitness affect your body.
Muscle mass increases with extended cardiovascular exercise. The workout strengthens joints and muscles, which increases stamina and flexibility.
Regular cardio workout reduces your risk of osteoporosis, and strengthens your bones. Energy and endurance levels increase if the workout is done consistently over time.
Cardiovascular exercise moves more oxygen to the brain, helping you think more clearly. Attitude is improved and you feel more positive about life.
Cardiovascular exercise reduces your risk of strokes and helps keep the veins and arteries in your brain clear. Aerobic fitness refers to the functional capacity of the heart, lungs and blood vessels.
Aerobic activity, which uses oxygen to create energy, helps build a healthy respiratory and cardio system. Fitness performed at a moderate level for an extended period of time, such as jogging or swimming, improves aerobic activity.
The most basic effects of aerobic activity are those on the cardiopulmonary system, the system of oxygen transport in the body. Aerobic fitness strengthens and enlarges the heart and prevents heart disease and stroke.
The resting heart rate becomes lower with aerobic activity because the heart works more efficiently. Blood circulation improves and the number of red blood cells increases, which leads to lower blood pressure and improved blood flow to the muscles.
Aerobic exercise promotes the presence of high density lipoprotein in the blood stream, while reducing low density lipoprotein. The muscles that help draw air into and out of the lungs also become stronger, which causes increased lung capacity.
Aerobic fitness contributes to the strength and endurance of the skeletal muscles and leads to greater physical performance. The effects on the cardiovascular system also affect the skeletal muscles by providing them with increased oxygen.
Aerobic activity improves the muscles’ ability to store fats and carbohydrates, which are used to produce energy during workout and other physical activity. Regular aerobic exercise also increases the muscles’ ability to burn fat during workouts.
Muscles that are aerobically conditioned continue to burn fat even when the body is at rest. Aerobic exercise releases endorphins, the body’s natural painkillers.
Endorphins promote feelings of happiness and well-being. Aerobic activity therefore improves mental health by combating depression, anxiety and stress.
Becoming stronger and healthier also improves mood and self-esteem. Aerobically fit people have more energy to do the things they enjoy and feel more youthful.
Aerobic fitness prevents many common chronic diseases, including diabetes, obesity, and some forms of cancer. It strengthens the bones and ligaments as well as the muscles, thereby combating osteoporosis.
Aerobic exercise reduces cravings for addictive and harmful substances like alcohol and nicotine. Finally, aerobic fitness produces an immune system boost that makes you less likely to come down with a cold or flu.